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Peralta-Ruth Map

Sometimes called the Lost Dutchman Mine Map

      One of the three maps Erwin Ruth brought back from Mexico is known as the Peralta-Ruth Map and is commonly believed to show outlines of landmarks within the Superstition Wilderness. The tall peak to the right is thought to represent Weaver's Needle. Because it was claimed to have come directly from a descendent of the famed Peraltas the map is also believed to show the location of the Lost Dutchman Mine (which is, according to legend, one and the same mine or mines). 
      However, while this map does show the outlines of landmarks that lead to something of value the map is referring not to a location in the Superstitions, but rather, it refers to Red Mountain and Arizona Dam Butte.

There's a trick in the map and when one realizes how the map was created and why locating the remaining landmarks, and thus the mines and tunnel, become a matter maneuvering from one landmark to the next.

Locating the first landmark will then set one in a position to locate the next, and the next.

Below, see the close similarity in each of the real landmark in comparison as to how they are drawn on the map.

Copy of original map used by author in 1988.


Left: Red Mountain from the north.  Right: Depiction on map of this landmark.

1.  To find the Sombrero Mines the miners would skirt north of Red Mountain likely following a well established trail which once existed approximately where Beeline Highway now runs.
Once Red Mountain takes on the shape as it appears on the map the miners would  take this as a cue to turn south. They would ride through the narrow saddle created between Arizona Dam Butte and this rise of Red Mountain. This would put them in the region of the mines and the important tunnel. But to locate them they would first have to locate the next landmark which would set them in position to see the next and the next.
El Sombrero is not Red Mountain (S. Cima), but rather the smaller peak umbrella shaped peak to the left of it. S. Cima never meant 'South Summit' (Sur Summit) as commonly thought. Nor would the Spanish have written South Summit as 'Sur Cima'. Rather it would have been written Cima Sur (Summit South) in the old language.
The author believes that 'S. Cima' was original intended to mean "Septentrional Cima" which means
"In/From the North" or Northerly. In this light it now makes sense why the peak labeled 'S. Cima' on the map actually fits the image of the mountain while coming from the north only.  To locate this first landmark, in fact, the remaining landmarks, this image of the mountain had to be discovered first and could only be seen 'from the north'.

Looking north frm the Salado River.
2.  Once over the saddle and on the southern side of Red Mountain  the miners would look northward for the remaining landmarks to appear correctly as drawn on the map. First, the miners would continue traveling south (while glancing north from whence they came) until the next landmark appears correctly. This land mark is El Sombrero. Indeed, it is the back (south) side of the same umbrella shaped peak that we seen in while still in the north (above) which, once realizing that this peak is one and the same, is El Sombrero. It was likely not included on the map for sake of confusion, for the map would then have El Sombrero written on the left and the right side of the map.

Perched high on a ridge and in conjuction with the map, Es Carbadia. Seen only frm the 'saddle' is a large, wide
split in the rock. The late afternoon sun shines through this split and creates a 'dagger'like' spot of light on the upper reaches
of Arizona Dam Butte. It is on this butte in that location, above the unfinished tunnel, that Waltz' mine should be found. -- the 
richest of the Sombrero Mines of Peralta.
3.  Once El Sombrero appeared correctly finding Es Carbadia (Is {a} Head) is simple. It sits high on a ridge of Arizona Dam Butte opposite El Sombrero overlooking the little 'canyon' between the to mountains. The miners would then head eastward until Es Carbadia appeared to match the map correctly.

Hoyo -- a window through this rock above the tunnel. The january sun rising over four peaks shines through the
hole in this rock and into the lower mine.
4. Only when standing in the location where Es Carbadia matches closest to the map can the next (and most important) landmark be seen. Literally, this next landmark is directly in front of you while standing in this precise spot. This is the landmark labeled 'Hoyo' (hole).

For as long as this map has existed on the Dutchman scene (1931) this 'hole' has been thought to represent a 'funnel-shaped pit mine' high on some ridge. Indeed, this 'pit mine' may exist, but in the case of this map the 'Hoyo' or Hole is exactly what the map claims it to be -- a hole. In reality it is a 'window', a hole cut right through the rock by erosion over the eons. Both the shape of the hole, and the shape of the red rock outcrop in which it is cut, match the map precisely. With this final landmark discovered the miners were then in position to find not only the mines, but more importantly, the tunnel for which this map was solely created. For at no time are mines or 'minas' recorded on the map. Whoever drew this map was not interested in the mines but rather, they created the map to find this tunnel again. This is not the same 'unfinished tunnel' from Dutchman/Peralta accounts. That tunnel is positioned slightly higher on the slope of Arizona Dam Butte, above this outcrop.
The 'unfinished tunnel' of Peralta lore.

Left: the concealed tunnel below the 'Hoyo'.  Positioned where the map claims it to be.
5.  Precisely where the map shows the tunnel (Tunel) to be is found what, in fact, appears to be a just such a concealed tunnel.
What ever is in this tunnel must have been of great importance to the miners, or at least, to the creator of the map, to have so carefully created the map around it and and to find it.

What lies buried inside that was of such great importance?

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